The Ubuntu 20.04 server, also called Focal Fossa, has been released by Canonical and is now ready to be installed. In this article we show you how to install Ubuntu Server Edition 20.04 with long-term support on your computer.
If you are looking for a new desktop installation or server upgrade, please read our previous articles: How to install the Ubuntu 20.04 desktop and how to upgrade to Ubuntu 20.04
DownloadUbuntu 20.04 ISO image
Use the following link to download the ISO image from the Ubuntu 20.04 live server, which is only available for 64-bit systems. Helpful site AWS Cloud support.
After downloading the ISO image you need to create a bootable DVD with the Rufus program or a USB stick that is bootable with Unetbootin LiveUSB Creator.
Installation Ubuntu 20.04 Server version
1. To start the installation process, insert a bootable CD/DVD into the USB drive or USB port of the computer. Then start by pressing the computer’s start button (this must be one of the F9, F10, F11 or F12 buttons, depending on the manufacturer’s settings).
After starting up the system, you will see the installer’s welcome screen in the following screenshot and you will be asked to select the installation language. Press the Enter key to continue.
Select the installation language of Ubuntu
2. Then select the keyboard layout and press Enter to continue.
Select the Ubuntu keyboard layout
3. If your system is connected to a network, it must get an IP address from your DHCP server. Click on Ready to continue.
Connection to the Ubuntu network
4. If, depending on your network settings, you need a proxy server to connect to the Internet, enter the data here. Otherwise, leave the field empty and press Done.
5. Then you have to configure the mirror of the Ubuntu archive. The installer automatically selects them based on your country. Click on Ready to continue.
Mirroring the Ubuntu archive
6. It’s time to get your memory in place. You must make a storage layout as described below. In this tutorial we will show you how to do it manually. Go to Use the entire disk and then select Install this disk as LVM group.
Note that the installer will create a root partition (with a small size by default), after which you can change the size manually and create a swap partition.
Managed storage configuration
The following screenshot shows a summary of the standard file system. The total capacity of our test device is 80 GB on the hard disk.
Summary of the memory configuration
Creation/amendment of root partition size
7. Then, under USER NOTES, go to the root partition and press Enter to retrieve the formatting options. Select Change, as shown in the following screenshot, and press Enter.
Select the root section
8. Then change the partition size as shown in the following screenshot. For example, set it to 50 GB and scroll down or use the tab to go to Save and press Enter.
Set the size of the root partition
9. The root partition should now have the same size as you specified when editing, as shown in the following screenshot.
Summary of the chapter on roots
Pay attention: If you do not want to create a separate /home partition, skip the next step and proceed to create a swap partition.
Establishment of a separate service/house
10. Then you need to create a home partition to store user files. In the MANUFACTURER SETTINGS section, select the LVM volume group and press the Enter key. Scroll down through the formatting options to create a logical volume.
Create a first part
11. Then enter the size of the house divider. Install it correctly to leave room for the paging section/area. In the Format section, select ext4 and the media should be /home, as shown in the following screenshot. Then scroll down to create and press Enter.
Set the size of the main distribution
The /home file system has been created successfully.
General overview of the headings
Creating paging section
12. You need to create an exchange section now. In the MANUFACTURER SETTINGS section, select the LVM volume group and press the Enter key. Scroll down through the formatting options to create a logical volume.
Create an exchange section
13. Then resize the partition and set the swap format field as shown in the following screenshot, then press Enter.
Determine the size of the swap partition
14. Your new file system should now have the /boot, /root, /home and swap partitions, as shown in the following screenshot. To write the changes to your hard drive, scroll to End and press Enter.
Summary of the format of the file system
15. Confirm the action by selecting Continue and pressing Enter.
Confirm partition changes on the hard drive
16. Now create a user profile by entering your name, server name, username and a secure and protected password. Then scroll to Finish and press Enter.
Create a new user
17. The installer will then ask you to install the OpenSSH package for remote access. Use the space bar to select this option. Then scroll down to finish and press Enter.
Installing the SSH server
18. If you want to install images, select them from the list. Use the space bar to select the docking station. Then go to Ready and press Enter.
Select the snap-in to install
19. The installation process should now begin as shown in the following screenshot. Then press the Enter key to restart the system.
Installation of the Ubuntu system
20. After restarting you can connect to your new Ubuntu 20.04 LTS server as shown in the following screenshot.
Registration for the new Ubuntu server 20.04
They’re all friends! You have successfully installed the server version of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on your computer. You can leave a comment on this guide using the comment form below.